1765 English Prime Minister Lord Greenville resigns and replced by Lord Rockingham.
1774 Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the treaty ending their six-year war.
1779 American troops under General Anthony Wayne capture Stony Point, N.Y.
1875 The new French constitution is finalized.
1882 Mary Todd Lincoln, the widow of Abraham Lincoln, dies of a stroke.
1918 Czar Nicholas and his family are murdered by Bolsheviks in Russia.
1940 Adolf Hitler orders preparations for the invasion of England.
1944 Soviet troops occupy Vilna, Lithuania, in their drive towards Germany.
1945 The United States detonates the first atomic bomb in a test IN N. M.
1969 Apollo 11 blasts off from Cape Kennedy, Florida, heading for a landing on the moon.
1999 John F. Kennedy Jr'PLANE. is lost over the waters off Martha's Vinyard, Mass.
Born on July 16
1723 Joshua Reynolds, British portrait painter.
1821 Mary Baker Eddy, founder of the Christian Science movement.
1862 Ida Bell Wells, journalist.
1896 Trygve Lie, first secretary-general of the United Nations.
1907 Barbara Stanwyck, actress.
1911 Ginger Rogers, actress and dancer.
1928 Anita Brookner, writer (Hotel du Lac).
1941 Dag Solstad, Norwegian novelist and playwright.
1948 Ruben Blades, songwriter and actor.
1948 Pinchas Zukerman, violinist and conductor.