326 Emperor Constantine refuses to carry out traditional pagan sacrifices.
1394 Charles VI issues a decree for the general expulsion of Jews from France.
1564 Maximillian II becomes emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1587 Hideyoshi bans Christianity in Japan and orders all Christians to leave.
1759 British forces defeat a French army at Fort Niagara in Canada.
1799 Back from Syria, Napoleon Bonaparte defeats the Ottomans at Aboukir, Egypt.
1814 British and American forces fight to a standoff at Lundy's Lane, Canada.
1845 China grants Belgium equal trading rights with Britain, France and the USA.
1867 President Andrew Johnson signs an act creating the territory of Wyoming.
1850 Gold is discovered in Oregon, extending the quest for gold up the Pacific coast.
1861 The Crittenden Resolution, to preserve the Union not for slavery, sez Congress.
1894 Japanese forces sink Kowshing as its bringing Chinese reinforcements to Korea.
1909 Aviator Louis Bleriot becomes first man to fly across the English Channel.
1914 Russia declares that it will act to protect Serbian sovereignty.
1924 Greece announces the deportation of 50,000 Armenians.
1934 Austrian chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss is shot and killed by Nazis.
1941 The U.S. government freezes Japanese and Chinese assets.
1943 Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini is overthrown in a coup.
1944 Allied forces begin the breakthrough of German lines in Normandy.
1978 The first test-tube baby, Louis Brown, is born in Oldham, England.
Born on July 25
1844 Thomas Eakins, American painter.
1848 Arthur James Balfour, Prime Minister of England (1902-1905).
1853 David Belasco, actor, playwright and producer.
1880 Morris Raphel Cohen, American philosopher and mathematician.
1902 Eric Hoffer, American longshoreman and philosopher.
1907 Johnny Hodges, jazz musician.
1927 Midge Decter, writer and editor.
1935 Barbara Harris, actress.