955 Otto organizes his nobles and defeats the invading Magyars at Lechfeld.
1539 King Francis of France declares all documents are to be written in French.
1557 French troops are defeated by Emmanuel Philibert's Spanish- St. Quentin.
1582 Russia ends its 25-year war with Poland.
1628 The Swedish warship Vasa sinks in Stockholm on maiden voyage.
1779 Louis XVI of France frees the last remaining serfs on royal land.
1831 William Driver of Salem, MA, is the first to use "Old Glory".
1846 The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington DC.
1864 Confederate Commander John Bell Hood cuts off Union General Sherman.
1911 The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power.
1913 The Treaty of Bucharest ends the Second Balkan War.
1941 Great Britain and the Soviet Union promise aid to Turkey if it is attacked.
1950 President Harry S. Truman calls the National Guard to active Korean War.
Born on August 10
1753 Edmund Jennings Randolph, governor of VA and U.S. attorney general.
1810 Camillo di Cavour, helped bring about the unification of Italy.
1874 Herbert Hoover, 31st president of the United States (1929-1933).
1909 George W. Crockett, first African-American lawyer, Department of Labor.
1909 Leo Fender, inventor of the first mass-produced electric guitar.
1928 Eddie Fisher, American singer.