Thousands of pro-democracy protesters in the streets of Hong Kong early have vowed to keep up the pressure on The People's Republic of China pro-Beijing government, which is calling this action illegal and plans to press ahead with National Day celebrations.
October 1 marks the beginning of celebrations of the anniversary of the Communist Party's foundation of the PRC back in 1949.
This will be the sixth day of a mass campaign to occupy sections of the city and to reject mainland China's decision to limit voters in Hong Kong and their individual choices during a 2017 leadership campaign and subsequent election.
Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 1 July 1997.
In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system would not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong would enjoy a "high degree of autonomy" in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the subsequent 50 years.