5 G could be scaring the hell out of you and me. The global race for 5G supremacy is not yet won and while It may be important which nations build their networks first, it is certainly not the only factor to consider.
Terminals that already incorporate this technology have been announced, but demonstrations are planned that transcend the classic applications of smartphones, including connected cars, with aids to semi-autonomous driving, and in operation at a distance and in real time.
These applications are due to the special characteristics of this 5G technology.
Recent history shows that in mobile telephony, applications that in the beginning have not been considered a service of interest to users, have ended up becoming a real hit.
And in the opposite direction, certain characteristics announced before the deployment of services and considered a fundamental driver of the market, have not been successful.
Although initially in 1992, SMS short message service, which is a text messaging service component of most telephone, internet, and mobile-device systems using standardized communication protocols to enable mobile devices to exchange short text messages. in the USA was only used for operators to send messages to their subscribers, with the launch in Spain of GSM telephony in 1995, messaging was introduced through SMS. In those times it was a free service not considered especially attractive to users. However, there was a rapid and unexpected growth in the use of SMS and the mobile phone hosted a new form of communication that transformed it into a predecessor of smartphones. Then the SMS stopped being free, and this factor, together with the limitation of characters and the intricate way of writing the texts, gave rise to a simplified language as of pseudo-shorthand.
At the other extreme, we find the large launch campaigns of mobile telephony with 3G technology in 2004, which, unlike GSM, or Global System for Mobile communications, an international standard. could support video calls. For many reasons, among which the cost of the video call itself was a relevant aspect, this was not a factor in the growth of this market, even after the appearance of advanced smartphones.
It was the use of mobile broadband with the progressive increase of monthly GB downloadable at a certain price, which allowed access to websites with profuse graphic information and audiovisual content, which developed the market in 3G. And finally, applications such as WhatsApp and Instagram, unthinkable when 3G was launched in Spain, overflowed all the forecasts made at that time. Something similar can happen with the deployment of 5G from 2020.
The examination of the main advantages of 5G allows prospectively to advance the possible applications that this technology will have. But as has happened in the past, new applications or services on 5G technology can lead to disruptive market developments, difficult to predict before the implementation of this technology by operators. https://electronics.howstuffworks.com/question537.htm
Unlike what happened in the mobile communications from 3G to 4G, in which there was essentially an increase in the transmission speed, the future implementation of the 5G will revolutionize different sectors in a transversal way, due to characteristics of which I highlight the following:
Communications with very low latency (1 ms., Against 25 ms. In 4G). Great reduction in energy consumption per service rendered. Possibility of a very high density of connected devices. The low latency will allow applications in which real-time communication is essential: https://art19.com/shows/beyond-the-valley/episodes/6c5f29b0-44b1-4ca5-8…
In the health sector, with the remote follow-up of surgical operations, evolving later towards robotic surgical interventions with remote control. Virtual reality applications to industrial processes, training, and tourism activity. Applications to the development of the autonomous driving car. Apple will release a 5G iPhone in 2020 with chips from Qualcomm and Samsung, top analyst says https://cnb.cx/2UvYUwn
The combination of the possibility of high deployment density of devices with low consumption per service will promote the development of IoT, with sensors applied both in industrial environments, in the urban environment, as well as in the agricultural sector itself. https://mashable.com/video/what-is-5g-clarification-please/?jwsource=twi
In cities, this high density of devices, both in the form of smartphones and sensors, will require the installation of micro-antennae, probably installed in elements of urban fixtures, and connected to an optical fiber.